* VB-CODE (3)
Tip 89: Invoking the Microsoft Word Page Setup Dialog Box
May 22, 1995
From within a Visual Basic® application, you can instruct Microsoft®
Word to display its Page Setup dialog box. This article explains how
this task can be accomplished by creating a Word Basic macro and
executing that macro from within Visual Basic.
Calling Word Basic Macros from Within Visual Basic
You can execute a Word Basic macro from within a Visual Basic®
application to perform any number of tasks. The example program below
executes Microsoft® Word and opens up a new document page. Then the
program calls a Word Basic macro, FPSdlg, to display the Word Page
Setup dialog box.
In order to execute Word from within a Visual Basic application, you
must initiate a connection to Word. This is done by calling the
CreateObject function. This function lets you create an OLE object,
in this case Microsoft Word. When this function is executed, it runs
Word if it is not already running in memory. To transfer control to
Word, you can use the AppActivate function.
The next step is to call the Word Basic macro that you have
previously created in Word. In your Visual Basic program, you execute
a Word Basic command with the Object.Method syntax. For example, after
executing Word, we want to start with a new document. Therefore, we
issue the statement wobjApp.FileNewDefault, where the object has been
defined as Word and FileNewDefault is the Basic command we want to
execute. A list of these Word Basic commands can be found in the
WRDBASIC.HLP file that is stored in the Word directory when you
initially installed Microsoft Word.
After the new document screen has been displayed in Word, we want to
actually execute the Word Basic macro called CallFPS. To do this, we
again issue a Word Basic command called ToolsMacro. This command
executes the specified macro file in Word. When the macro has been
terminated, we can close Word and return to our Visual Basic program
by issuing the Set wobjApp=Nothing statement. This statement removes
the object variable, which in turn causes Word to terminate.
The following example program shows how you can invoke a Word Basic
macro to call up the Word Page Setup dialog box.
First, you must create the Word Basic macro that the Visual Basic
program will call. Start Word. From the Tools menu, select Macro. Type
the name of the macro as FPSdlg and click the Create command button.
Type the following as the macro's text. When you're done, save the
macro so that it can be used by all newly created Word documents.
Dim FPSdlg as FilePageSetup
rc = Dialog(FPSdlg)
If rc <> 0 then
At this point, make sure the macro actually works from within Word.
From the Tools menu, select Macro. Click the name of the macro you
want to execute in this case, the FPSdlg macro. Click the Run command
button. Word should respond by popping up the Page Setup dialog box.
Click the Cancel button to return to the document screen. Exit Word.
Now, you need to create the demonstration program in Visual Basic by
following these steps:
1. Create a new project in Visual Basic. Form1 is created by default.
2. Add a Command Button control to Form1. Command1 is created by
3. Add the following code to the Click event for Command1:
Private Sub Command1_Click()
Dim wobjApp As Object
Set wobjApp = CreateObject("word.basic")
AppActivate "Microsoft Word"
wobjApp.ToolsMacro "CallFPS", True
Set wobjApp = Nothing
To run the example program, press the F5 function key. Click the
command button. After a few seconds, Word will be executed and the
FPSdlg macro will also be executed. The program stops after it has
displayed the Page Setup dialog box in Word. Click the Cancel command
button and you will be returned to Visual Basic's design environment.
Knowledge Base Q115782. "How to Have a VB Program Change a Word
Document's Page Layout."