* VB-CODE (1)
Tip 161: Forcing the Common Dialog Control to Save Files to a Specific Disk Drive
December 5, 1995
The Microsoft? Visual Basic? Common Dialog control allows you to display a
Save As dialog box in your Visual Basic application so that a user can save
a file to disk. This article explains how to prevent a user from saving
files to a disk drive that is not installed on the computer system.
Preventing the Selection of Nonexistent Disk Drives
The Microsoft? Visual Basic? Common Dialog control provides six dialog
boxes that you can use in your application. The Action property of the
Common Dialog control determines which of the six (Open Disk File, Save As,
Color, Font, Print, and Help) dialog boxes appears. One of these dialog
boxes is the Save As dialog box. This dialog box appears when you need to
save a file to disk.
The Save As dialog box lets the user of your application type the name he
or she wants to assign to the file that is to be saved to disk. Note that
the Common Dialog control does not actually save the data to the file it
simply provides an easy way for the user to select a file with which to
work. The user can specify any disk drive, even one that is not actually
installed on the computer system. This "flexibility," however, may create
You can require that a user save the file to a specific disk drive by
first testing for a drive designation. The name of the file the user types
is stored in the Common Dialog control's Filename property. It is a simple
matter to check the first letter of this string to determine which disk
drive the user wants to save the file to. You can then modify the drive
designation to suit your needs.
In the example program below, you use the Ucase and Left functions provided
in Visual Basic to test the first character of the string stored in the
Filename property. If this letter is not the letter A, you know the user
typed a different drive letter. In this case, an error message appears
indicating that the user must save the file to drive A only. If the user
types the correct disk drive letter, the program continues running.
This program shows how to force the Common Dialog Save As dialog box to
save a file to a specific disk drive.
1. Create a new project in Visual Basic. Form1 is created by default.
2. Add a Common Dialog control to Form1. CommonDialog1 is created by
3. Add a Command Button control to Form1. Command1 is created by default.
4. Add the following code to the Click event for Command1:
Private Sub Command1_Click()
5. Add a Text Box control to Form1. Text1 is created by default.
6. Create a new function called Save_DriveA. Add the following code to
Dim X As Integer
CommonDialog1.Action = 2 'save file
If UCase(Left(CommonDialog1.filename, 1)) <> "A" Then
MsgBox "You must save file to drive A only"
X = FreeFile
Open CommonDialog1.filename For Output As #X
Print #X, Text1.Text
MsgBox "File has been saved to drive A"
Run the example program by pressing F5. Click the Command Button control.
The Common Dialog Save As dialog box appears on the screen. Type the name
you want to assign to the file, and click the Save button. If you specified
a disk drive other than drive A, a message box appears. You are then
returned to the Common Dialog Save As dialog box to type a new filename.
You must type the filename by specifying drive A as the destination disk
drive. The program will then save the contents of the Text Box control to
the specified file.